What is the Zone of Proximal Development?

Vygotsky’s concept of zone of proximal development (ZPD) have been interpreted differently in research. Jean Lave and Etiene Wenger in their book Situated Learning: Legitimate Peripheral Participation (Learning in Doing: Social, Cognitive and Computational Perspectives) classified the different interpretations in to three: Scaffolding interpretation In some studies, the zone of proximal development is interpreted as…

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What is a Conceptual Framework?

The conceptual framework of a research study is the system of concepts, assumptions, expectations, beliefs and theories that will support and inform the research. The conceptual framework may be a visual or a written product that would explain the main things to be studied, that is, the key factors, variables, and concepts and the presumed…

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