MathEd Studies Category: Learning Theories

Category: Learning Theories

What is the Zone of Proximal Development?

Vygotsky’s concept of zone of proximal development (ZPD) have been interpreted differently in research. Jean Lave and Etiene Wenger in their book Situated Learning: Legitimate Peripheral Participation (Learning in Doing: Social, Cognitive and Computational Perspectives) classified the different interpretations in to three: Scaffolding interpretation In some studies, the zone of proximal development is interpreted as…

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How People Learn

Learning theorists have provided us with a set of ideas about how people learn that have practical implications for teaching. 1. The Role of our Brain Our brains are set up to process information coming in from the outside world, to make sense of these stimuli, and to draw connections. Different parts of the brain…

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Patterns of variation and invariance in variation theory

Variation theory states that to learn a phenomenon means to simultaneously discern and focus on the critical aspects/features of the phenomenon. To discern a particular feature, the learner must experience variation in that dimension. When an aspect of a phenomenon varies while other aspects remain invariant, the aspect that varies would be discerned (Pang and Marton 2005). Click What is…

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